Designed by ecoLogicStudio, Photo.Synth.Etica fights climate change
This living curtain that is specifically designed to cover building façades could harness photosynthesis in algae to remove air pollution.
February 13, 2019
Photos courtesy of ecoLogicStudio
London-based architectural and urban design firm ecoLogicStudio, led by Claudia Pasquero and Marco Poletto, unveils Photo.Synth.Etica, a large-scale installation, which was designed for their first collaboration with Climate-KIC, the EU’s most prominent climate innovation initiative that aims to accelerate solutions to global climate change.
Conceived as an “urban curtain,” Photo.Synth.Etica, which was presented in Dublin during the week of Climate Innovation Summit 2018, captures CO2 from the atmosphere and stores it in real-time: approximately one kilo of CO2 per day, equivalent to that of 20 large trees. Composed of 16, 2 x 7 metre modules, the unique curtain prototype envelopes the first and second floor of the main façade of the Printworks building at Dublin Castle. Each module functions as a photobioreactor, a digitally designed and custom made bioplastic container that utilizes daylight to feed the living micro-algal cultures and releases luminescent shades at night.
Unfiltered urban air is introduced at the bottom of the Photo.Synth.Etica façade, and while air bubbles naturally rise through the watery medium within the bioplastic photobioreactors, they come into contact with voracious microbes. CO2 molecules and air pollutants are captured and stored by the algae, and grow into biomass. This can be harvested and employed in the production of bioplastic raw material that constitutes the main building material of the photobioreactors. To culminate the process, freshly photosynthesized oxygen is released at the top of each façade unit of Photo.Synth.Etica, and out into the urban microclimate.
Because of the serpentine design, the modules optimize the carbon sequestration process. The full curtain pattern is reminiscent of a large trading data chart that embodies Climate-KIC’s commitment to promote new models to solve the global climate crisis.
Moreover, the Photo.Synth.Etica project seeks to symbolically embody a parallelism between the monetary carbon trading market and the transactions carried out by the molecules, as ecoLogicStudio’s founders say: “The message is one of spatial convergence and connectivity between the financial marketplace of cyberspace and the relative organic molecular transactions in the biosphere.” The innovative shading system could be integrated into existing and newly designed buildings. Smart cities, smart homes, autonomous vehicles, robotic factories, among others, dominate the current panorama of popular futuristic scenarios, but they all desperately need spatial and architectural re-framing to engender beneficial societal transitions.
Photo.Synth.Etica suggests that in the Anthropocene age, a non-anthropocentric mode of reasoning, and deploying cutting-edge technologies based on digital and biological intelligence, could be at the core of urban design and stimulate our collective sensibility to recognize patterns of reasoning across disciplines, materialities and technological regimes.